The 18th December 2014 was the International Migrant Day. The United Nations Secretary General Ban-Ki-Moon has said unequivocally that the post 2015 agenda “must leave no one behind” and must not exclude migrants. In other words, it must address inequalities in all areas, it must apply to all social and economic groups, ensure the protection of human rights and labour rights, which form the corner stone of fair migration policies.
Now in celebration of this day let us have some facts and figures.
- It was reported on 18th November 2014 by the Joint ILO (International Labour Organisation) a specialised agency of the United Nations and MPI (Migration Policy Institute) a non-partisan non-profit think-tank in Washington DC, dedicated to analysis of the movements of people worldwide.
- Globally there are 232,000,000 international migrants in the world representing 3.1% of the global population
- 48% of all international migrants are women who are increasingly migrating for work
- Most international migration today is related to seeking employment. More than 90% of all international migrants are workers and their families
- In 2014 Asians represented the largest group residing outside their major area of birth
- Currently the world’s largest corridor of international migration is between the United States and Mexico
- It is estimated that one in eight migrants are between the ages of 15 and 24.
- Many who came with sought after skills found work with ease, particularly during the economic boom of the mid 2000s. But many newcomers have struggled to progress out of the lower skills jobs into stable, middle skilled positions, in some cases despite having substantial qualifications and experience.