What is further leave to remain?

Further leave to remain or FLR is an extension of an initial limited grant of leave to remain in the UK, extending this leave for a further limited period.

What is the difference between further leave to remain and indefinite leave to remain?

Further leave to remain enables you to remain in the UK for a limited period of time.

Indefinite leave to remain grants you permanent lawful status in the UK as a settled person. Indefinite leave to remain therefore allows you to live, work and study in the UK without having to apply for further visas to stay in the UK.

You may have further limits placed on you regarding your access to public funds and employment options when you have further leave to remain compared to having indefinite leave to remain.

Your time spent in the UK on further leave to remain visas may offer a route to obtaining indefinite leave to remain depending on your circumstances.

When do you need to apply for further leave to remain?

You should apply for further leave to remain before your current visa expires so that you do not become an overstayer.

Please note that there is an exception to allow you to still apply for an extension of leave within 14 days of your previous grant of leave having expired if you have a sufficiently compelling justification for the delay.

Who can apply for further leave to remain?

Your eligibility to apply for further leave to remain depends on your status in the UK and whether you meet the specific requirements for extending your leave.

What form do you use to apply for further leave to remain?

There are four forms you may use to apply for further leave to remain:

  • FLR (M) – further leave to remain (marriage)
  • FLR (FP) – further leave to remain (family and private life)
  • FLR (HRO) – further leave to remain (human rights)
  • FLR (IR) – further leave to remain (Immigration Rules)

It is important that you understand which form to use depending on your circumstances, as explained below.

When do you use FLR (M) to apply for further leave to remain?

Form FLR (M) should be used if you are seeking to extend your stay in the UK based on being the spouse, partner, or dependent child of (i) a British citizen, (ii) someone settled here, or (iii) someone who is a refugee or under humanitarian protection.

A successful FLR (M) application normally grants you further leave to remain for 2.5 years.

When do you use FLR (FP) to apply for further leave to remain?

You can use form FLR (FP) to apply for further leave to remain on the basis of your family life and/or private life.

Namely, you can apply on family life grounds:

  1. As the family member, partner or child of:
    • A British citizen
    • A person settled in the UK
    • A person with pre-settled status under the EUSS in the UK
    • A person with refugee leave or humanitarian protection in the UK
    • A stateless person in the UK or
    • A person with leave as a Turkish ECAA worker or business person in the UK
  2. As the parent of a child in the UK who is British, or who is settled, or who has pre-settled status under the EUSS
  3. As the parent of a child who has lived continuously in the UK for at least 7 years immediately prior to the application date and for whom it would be unreasonable to expect them to leave the UK
  4. As a dependent child of a person granted limited leave to enter or remain as a partner or parent

You can also use form FLR (FP) to apply on private life grounds if you meet one of the following requirements:

  1. You are 18 or over, you have spent at least 20 years continuously living in the UK (whether legally or illegally)
  2. You are under 18, you have lived continuously in the UK for at least 7 years (whether legally or illegally)
  3. You are aged between 18-24, you have lived in the UK for at least half your life continuously (whether legally or illegally)

You can also use form FLR (FP) to apply for leave outside the rules on the basis of your family and/or private life.

A successful FLR (FP) application will usually grant you a further 2.5-year period of leave to remain in the UK.

When do you use FLR (HRO) to apply for further leave to remain?

You use form FLR (HRO) to apply for further leave to remain for human rights claims, for leave outside the rules and for routes not covered by the other forms.

For example, you may use form FLR (HRO) to apply for further leave to remain:

  • Outside the Immigration Rules based on compassionate and compelling circumstances
  • On the basis of human rights claims not covered by form FLR (FP) or FLR (M)
  • When you have previous been granted a period of discretionary leave
  • As a victim of human trafficking or slavery other than domestic workers

When do you use FLR (IR) to apply for further leave to remain?

You use FLR (IR) to apply for further leave to remain for the following circumstances:

Danielle invites you to take a look at her blog, where you will see the diverse range of clients that she has helped.

If you have any questions about the process or would like to submit a further leave to remain application, please contact Danielle or call on 020 7267 4133. Danielle will only charge you for the first consultation if you decide to become her client and if she can assist you.

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