On 4th July 2013 the Government unveiled its proposals to restrict migrant access to health and housing. The Minister of State for Immigration said that the aim of the new Bill was to make it more difficult for illegal migrants to live in the UK unlawfully.
The first consultation on proposals to better regulate migrant access to health services in the UK will run for eight weeks.
On 2nd July 2013 changes have been implemented to the Immigration Rules to take effect and changes to the position of Croatian nationals following Croatia’s accession to the European Union. According to the Home Office this states that Croatian nationals can either enter and live in the UK without permission under the Immigration Rules, however, they will need permission to work in the UK unless they are exempt. Students wanting to study in the UK do need to be sponsored under Tier 4 but if they want or need to work they must obtain an accession worker’s authorisation document unless they are exempt. A Croatian national working without permission is committing a criminal offence under the Accession of Croatia (Immigration Workers Authorisation) Regulations 2013. This could lead to a fine and imprisonment for both Croatian nationals and their employers.
So from 1st July 2013 Croatian nationals can enter the UK without the need for a visa but must provide evidence of their identity in the form of either a Croatian passport of identity card. They can reside in the UK for the first few months from the date of the entry if they can support themselves and their family in the UK without becoming an unreasonable burden on public funds. If they wish to stay for longer than three months they need either to be working, self employed or self sufficient persons or students. This is called exercising treaty rights. If they want to work as an employee in the UK they will need permission before they can start work. They might need to obtain an Accession Workers Registration Certificate called a Purple Registration Certificate. When they have been working legally as an employee for 12 months without a break they will have full rights of free movements and will no longer need permission to take work. They can then apply for a Blue Registration Certificate to confirm their right to legally work here but this is not mandatory. If they are students in the UK they can take employment of up to 20 hours per week during term time and full time during vacation, but they must first obtain the Yellow Registration Certificate confirming that they are a student. They do not need permission to work in a self employed capacity and they can apply for a Yellow Registration Certificate to confirm their rights to work as self employed person but this is not mandatory.